· When the sun directly hits our part of Earth, we have summer.
· In the summer, our part of the Earth is tilted toward the sun. That is why we have more daylight in the summer.
· In the winter, our part of the Earth is tilted away from the sun. That is why the nights are longer.
· The sun only hits half of the Earth at a time. That half has day. The other half has night.
· A shadow is made when light is blocked
· Shadows are the longest in the morning because the sun is so low in the sky
· Shadows are the shortest at noon when the sun in directly over us.
Phases of the Moon:
The moon is a giant ball of rock
It orbits around the Earth
Did you know the moon’s light actually comes from the sun?
The pattern of the moon phases repeats every 29 days.
· The Earth makes one full rotation every 24 hours.
· Because of this rotation, we have day and night.
· The Earth is tilted
· When our part of Earth is tilted toward the sun, we have summer.
· When our part of Earth is tilted away from the sun, we have winter.
· The longest nights of the year are in the winter.